When you hear diabetes, you hear overweight and old age; that's partially true, for Type 2 diabetes.
Type 1 is irrelevant of environment, makes up only 5% of total diabetes patients, and is completely genetic - that's why it's not as famous as Type 2. It's usually diagnosed in children and young adults, and is caused by the pancreas's inability to produce insulin.
There are several symptoms that the parents or guardians should watch out for in the children which could indicate that they have Type 1 diabetes, and they are: increased thirst, frequent urination and bedwetting, extreme hunger, weight loss, irritability, weakness and blurred vision. All of these symptoms happen because the lack of insulin causes the glucose to build up in the bloodstream, instead of being absorbed by the body.
Once the diagnosis is done, and the doctor has requested the best treatment, it may seem difficult to manage, because children aren't always easily convinced to do what's best for them; but with a little work on their part and that of the parents, Type 1 diabetes can be manageable and the child can live a long and happy life. The treatment is usually insulin, administered through pens, syringes or pumps, and it's up to the patient or the parents to monitor the blood glucose levels and make sure the medication is taken correctly and on time.
In addition to monitoring glucose and taking medication for their entire life, Type 1 Diabetic children will also need to pay attention to their eating and exercising habits throughout their life. They will need to watch their sugar intake carefully, try not to be overweight, and exercise as regularly as possible to keep their body strong and to minimize the risk for heart disease, which diabetes increases.
The sooner the diagnosis is made, the less there is worry from diabetes complications; so the moment you see any of the stated symptoms with your child, don't hesitate to take them to a doctor, in order to help prevent complications which, in extreme untreated cases, can range from blindness, to loss of limb, to a heart attack.